Toxoplasmosis, caused by a parasite known as Toxoplasma gondii, is a disease which does not produce many symptoms and complications when it infects a person with normal immune function. Mostly warm blooded animals are affected by this parasite and the disease is transmitted to the human beings usually by cats. This disease can occur due to any type of contact with the fecal matter of the infected cat, intake of raw meat of infected pig, sheep etc., by drinking goat’s milk and also from the mother to her baby during pregnancy.
As mentioned earlier, infected individuals with a strong immune system would fight against the parasite and get rid of it in a few weeks with out showing symptoms. But the immuno-compromised individuals such as those patients with HIV or with other immunological issues and pregnant females show mild to severe symptoms. In order to cure toxoplasmosis, you first need to visit your doctor and discuss this issue. He may confirm the illness by doing a blood test. Treatment for toxoplasmosis includes ingestion of certain anti parasitic and antibiotic drugs.
Treatment for toxoplasmosis with drugs
Special treatment for toxoplasmosis in humans is required for an individual with weak immunity and for a child-bearing woman who is infected by Toxoplasmosis gondii. It is important to cure toxoplasmosis of the mother, because there is an increased risk of disease transmission from mother to her expected baby. If the child is born with congenital toxoplasmosis then she would suffer from brain and eye damage. So as a part of treatment for toxoplasmosis to a pregnant woman, drugs are given to prevent this disease from passing on to the baby.
Drugs used for toxoplasmosis treatment are the following:
- Pyrimethamine, an anti parasitic drug to inhibit the parasitic growth.
- Sulfadiazine is an antibiotic which is used synergistically with pyrimethamine for the toxoplasmosis cure.
- Clindamycin is an antibiotic used for the treatment of protozoal diseases and is used for toxoplasmosis treatment.
- Spiramycin is a protein synthesis inhibitor which works as a cure for toxoplasmosis in pregnant woman.
- Apart from these drugs, supplements of folinic acid are also prescribed along with the folic acid antagonists, i.e. with pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine to prevent thrombocytopenia.
The drug has to be taken for about three to six weeks. The duration of treatment depends upon the severity of the infection and also on the immune function of the patient. Treatment for toxoplasmosis can turn out to be long lasting in immuno-compromised individuals such as those suffering from HIV/Aids or undergoing chemotherapy.